Within the Islamic faith is the realm of eschatology, the theology that there will be manifest signs prior to the end of time. Eschatology is important because it gives clarity regarding the signs leading to the end of this temporal world and provides hope to the faithful to remain steadfast in the face of developing turmoil. Those who do not recognize these signs are more likely to fall into despair when they appear, unlike those who have knowledge which strengthens their faith. Part of the Islamic eschatology among Sunnis and Shi’is is the concept of al-Mahdiyyah, the belief that a rightly-guided saint will appear at the end of time to lead people aright. Just as Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is the Seal of the Prophets, Imam al-Mahdi will appear as the Seal of Saints (Khatim al-Awliya) on earth.1
Though al-Mahdiyyah in general is a belief with widely n...
There has historically been general agreement amongst the Ahl al-Sunnah wa l-Jamā‘ah on the belief in the “Mahdī”, that is, a man by the name of “Muḥammad” from the descendants of the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) will emerge at the end of time who will rule the Muslim lands for seven to nine years and restore justice to the world after it was filled with injustice. The eighth century historian, Ibn Khaldūn, states: “Recognise that from that which is well-known amongst all of the adherents of Islām throughout the passage of all eras, is that a man from the Ahl al-Bayt (the Prophetic household) must emerge at the end of time, supporting religion and manifesting justice, who the Muslims will follow, and he will dominate the Islāmic territories and will be known as al-Mahdī.” The early Ḥanbalī imām, al-Barbahārī (253 – 329 H), includes belief in the Mahdī amongst the ba...
Recently, an individual has been promoting the misguided belief that the Prophet ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām) will not return, claiming that this is an idea that has mistakenly been imported into Islām and the teachings of the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) from Christianity.
The belief that the Prophet ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām), son of Maryam (raḍiyallāhu ‘anhā), will return before the world’s end is from the fundamental Islāmic beliefs, indicated to in the Qur’ān, stated explicitly in several authentic ḥadīths, expressed clearly by the early Muslims and imāms, and then recorded in the books of ‘aqīdah, tafsīr and commentaries of ḥadīth. There is no disagreement on it amongst all the major groups of Islām, the Ahl al-Sunnah, Shī‘ah, Mu‘tazilah and Ẓāhirīs.*
The Minaret by Which ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām) will Return
Some of the scholars have quoted absolute, binding, consensus on thi...
Al-Zuhrī & the Ḥadīth on ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām)’s Return
The Blessed City of Madina in Which Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhri Taught Imam Malik ibn Anas
Abu Layth has recently espoused typical anti-ḥadīth arguments to attack the mutawātir ḥadīths on the return of ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām). For more on the subject of the second coming of ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām) and its being a fundamental Islāmic belief, see: ahlussunnah.boards.net/thread/715/second-coming-fundamental-islamic-belief. The purpose of this brief response is to address one of Abu Layth’s major points of attack: the imām of the Salaf and pillar of the Sunnah, Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (58 – 124 H).
One of the most famous ḥadīths on the descent of ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām) comes through al-Zuhrī, via his narration from Sa‘īd ibn al-Musayyib from Abū Hurayrah from the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam), stating that “the son of Maryam will soo...
No. This is a distortion from ‘Mufti’ Abu Layth who states, “Shaykh Muhammad Tahir Ibn Ashur in his, تحقيقات و أنظار highlights how all beliefs regarding all signs of the hour are not a part of creed rather معارف اسلامية Islamic information.”
Shaykh Muhammad Tahir Ibn Ashur does not generalize all the signs of the day of judgment, rather he only speaks of, “المهدي المنتظر" in both of his works, (جمهرة مقالات ورسائل الشيخ الإمام محمد الطاهر ابن عاشور) that the belief in Imam al-Mahdi is from the Islamic teachings/doctrine (تعاليم الإسلام ) not creed. (This is a weak rejected opinion) and in “تحقيقات وأنظار في القرآن والسنة, Pg. 49-50.” he says that it is from Islamic information (معارف). Nowhere else in those 2 books does he mention, Dajjal, the descent of Isa, The rising of the sun from the west, or any other signs.
Did Shaykh Muhammad Tahir ibn Ashur al-Maliki Believe that Isa (AS) Died and Will Not Return?
Shaykh Ahmad Saad al-Idrisi al-Azhari al-Shafi’ said Shaykh Muhammad Tahir Ibn Ashur simply states all the opinions regarding a verse in his tafsir, as he prefers to take a "school textbook" approach to his work, and he mentions the weak opinions to note their weakness, the goal for the reader is to know that there are other, lesser and weaker opinions out there. This is the reason he places the weak opinions such as the opinion from Wahb ibn Munbah and others in his discussion regarding the raising of Isa (AS).
Imam Malik ibn Anas said, the Prophet of Allah said, “The hour shall not come until many Dajjals appear, more than 30.” and he said I heard some scholars says, “All of them will claim I am the messenger of Allah.” (Al-Bayan wa-Tahsil.)
Imam Malik ibn Anas transmits 4 authentic hadith in his Muwatta about āl-Dajjal
1. Imam Malik transmits from Hisham ibn Urwa from his chain to Aisha from the Messenger of Allah, “It has been revealed to me that you will be tested in your graves similarly to the trial of Dajjal.” (Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas, Al-’Adhami, 201/643)
2. Imam Malik transmits from Abu Zubair al-Makki from Tawuud al-Yamani from Abdullah ibn Abbas that the Prophet taught them this prayer like he taught them a chapter from the Quran, “I seek refuge in you from the trial of Dajjal.” (Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas, Al-’Adhami, 240/727)
Because Imām Mālik Ibn Anas narrates from Ibn Shihab al-Zuhrī via Ḥanẓalah ibn ‘Alī from Abū Hurayrah from the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) who said, “I swear by (Allah) the one who holds my soul in his hand! ‘Īsā (‘alayhissalām) will call the Talbiyah for Ḥajj at Fajj al-Rawḥā (around 30 miles from Madina)’."
(The Muwatta Imam Malik from the Transmission of Abdullah ibn Wahb, Abdurrahman ibn al-Qasim al-Utaqi, and Ma'n ibn Isa, and Abdullah ibn Maslamah al-Qa'nabi's al-Maliki (Bukhari's teachers) transmission, Musnad Ahmad, Bayhaqi in Shuab al-Iman, Sunan al-Kubra, Kanz al-Ummal, Sahih Muslim, Musnad al-Humaidi, Tafsir al-Qurtubi al-Maliki)
Imam Malik ibn Anas comments on this hadith and says, "Isa (AS) will either call out for Hajj or Umrah or both or he will perform Al-Hajj al-Qarin or do Umrah after his hajj once."